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AKTUALNOŚCI

A comparative study on Hellenistic and Early Roman fine and semi-fine ware pottery from Nea Paphos and Kourion in Cyprus

Project information

 

Research project’s title: IMPORTant. A comparative study on Hellenistic and Early Roman fine and semi-fine ware pottery from Nea Paphos and Kourion in Cyprus

Funding: National Science Centre, Poland grant Sonatina 4 no. 2020/36/C/HS3/00068

Project lead: Mgr Małgorzata Kajzer

Project lead, institutional: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Cooperating Institutions: Department of Antiquities, Cyprus, Fitch Laboratory - British School at Athens

Contact:

e-mail: mkajzer(et)iaepan.edu.pl

 

Characteristics

 

Ceramics, being the most numerous category of movable archaeological material found during excavations, is an important manifestation of the functioning and everyday life of ancient communities. From the archaeologist's point of view, it is an essential tool, helpful in establishing the chronology of archaeological layers due to the variability of the shapes used in particular time periods. However, it was also a crucial element in the distribution of goods, acting as a container for other products or as an object of the trade itself. The latter is the case with fine and semi-fine ceramics, i.e. ceramics made from well-cleaned ceramic masses, which was the most luxurious category of ceramics, including tableware, cosmetic vessels and oil lamps, sometimes imported over long distances. The project is focused on ceramics representing the categories mentioned above, found within the area of two Cypriot port cities - Paphos and Kourion. Both of these centres, located in the south-western part of the island, at a distance of approx. 60 km from each other, performed an important function during the Hellenistic-Roman period (late 4th century BC - 4th century AD). In the case of Paphos, we can even speak of functions as the capital of the island from c. 200 BC. Due to the key role of this city, excavations have been carried out on its territory for years, and the area of the ancient city, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an excellent place for archaeological and conservation work. Despite the numerous discoveries, a complete study of the material culture of Paphos is still lacking, especially a study covering imports. The information published so far, based mainly on macroscopic analysis, indicates a diversity of ceramic imports from all over the Mediterranean, reflecting the high status of the city and its inhabitants.

Even less is known about Hellenistic and early Roman Kourion, where works concentrate on the Late Roman period and the moment when the city was destroyed by an earthquake in 365 AD. The proposed project aims to fill this research gap and attempt to reconstruct the supply patterns in both centres, the actual role of Kourion in the period under study and the relationship between the cities. In order to acquire data helping to achieve the research objectives, detailed analysis and comparative study of the ceramics found in both cities will be carried out, with an emphasis on imported tableware ceramics, particularly from outside Cyprus. This will allow for a better understanding of the functioning of the two cities at that time in terms of the distribution of ceramics, reflecting consumer preferences and their social position. The comparative study of imported table ceramics from Paphos, which functions as the capital, and Kourion, whose position is not well recognized, is innovative, also in terms of an integrated methodology combining archaeological and laboratory methods. The detailed macroscopic characterisation (observations carried out with the naked eye or with a magnifying glass) allows to classify the vessels, determine their types and chronology, describe the fabric and thus to define in a fundamental way the production technology and the potential provenance based on published analogies. More precise, scientific methods, on the other hand, allow us to look deep into the analysed material and examine the mineral (petrographic analysis) and chemical composition of the ceramics. This makes it possible to determine the place of manufacture due to the specific geology of individual geographical regions. The laboratory analyses will be conducted in the Fitch Laboratory in the British School at Athens, in the framework of the 6-month internship, planned as an integral part of the project.

More information:
https://polisharchaeologyincyprus.com/en/research/projects/important/


Badanie pochodzenia i użytkowania obsydianu w neolicie na terenie Polski

Investigation of the Sources and Uses of Obsidian during the Neolithic in Poland

Project information

 

Project title: Investigation of the Sources and Uses of Obsidian during the Neolithic in Poland

Project No: NCN OPUS 15 2018/29/B/HS3/01540

Project lead: dr Dagmara H. Werra

Project lead, institutional: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Project financing: National Science Center

Contact:

e-mail: werra@iaepan.edu.pl
phone (22) 620-28-81 do 86

Project implementation:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

 

Characteristics

Obsidian, the volcanic glass, was one of the best quality siliceous rocks utilized by pre-historical societies for making various kinds of tools. Due to its characteristic composition and the content of rare soil elements making for the geochemical "fingerprints", it is possible to determine the attributes characteristic for a given geological source of obsidian by applying various instrumental methods. In effect, we may compare the attributes of obsidian archaeological artefacts in order to determine the most probable place of origin for the raw material of which it had been made.

The project will involve a few analyses, among others carrying out EDXRF analysis. The results obtained allow for interpretations concerning the functioning of past societies in pre-history. It is possible to disclose the issues of access to the obsidian deposits and territory control, specialization, and the use of obsidian. The outcome of such analysis allows in the first line to follow the distribution routes of obsidian artefacts and to study the issues related to its acquiring, exchange and the contacts between communities in pre-history.

The oldest traces of using obsidian by prehistorical societies on Polish lands are dated to the Middle Palaeolithic. In Palaeolithic and Mesolithic, we find single specimens as very rare examples of a more numerous presence of obsidian artefacts (ex. Rydno, ochre mine). A dramatic increase in using obsidian begins with the arrival of the first Neolithic societies to Polish lands.

The goal of the presented project will be to recapture the distribution net of obsidian products and to examine the issues related to its mining, manufacturing, and exchange as practiced by Neolithic prehistorical societies.

The goal will be achieved by applying the technological-morphological analysis in combination with the refitting method and weight analysis. They will be performed in order to find out how the Neolithic communities utilized obsidian. We will find out if in comparison to other raw materials different splitting techniques were applied. These methods will also help to analyze in what form did obsidian reach the site: was it rolled as natural concretions and processed on the site, or did it rather come in form of ready tools or semi-products, and if so – which tools were preferred. At this stage of analysis trace evidence will be performed, in order to determine what was the purpose for obsidian products and whether it was different from the flint tools. Next, we will deal with the analysis of particular specimens, in order to determine the source of origin of the products and their chronology. Planned is a series of X-ray fluorescence analyses (energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence–EDXRF). This is a non-destructive method, which is fit to examine even small specimens. The method allows for determining the characteristic composition of a given specimen and will help to find its source of origin. Planned for the first time for Polish material is also dating of obsidian specimens by hydration. This method allows determining the specimen chronology. Additionally planned at this stage is radiocarbon dating in order to establish the chronology of sites from which the obsidian originates and which were not dated up till now.

The analysis of such a large obsidian collection will allow for the first time on such a scale to attain a wide image of distribution and use of this raw material in the Neolithic on Polish lands. In effect, we will obtain a picture of contact dynamics and of exchange in time. The project will also allow examining the issue of specialization and technology of using obsidian, as well as issues related to the scope of utilizing obsidian from particular deposits and how the access to it was changing. It will contribute to the development of knowledge on past prehistoric societies – on their mutual contacts and the importance of imported products.

Publications:

Werra, D. H., Hughes, R. E., Nowak, M., Vizdal, M. i Gačková, L. (2021) Obsidian Source Use within the Alföld Linear Pottery culture in Slovakia, Sprawozdania Archeologiczne, 73(1), 331-369. doi: 10.23858/SA/73.2021.1.2615.

Conferences:

International Obsidian Conference 2019, 27–29 May 2019, Sárospatak (Hungary): Dagmara H. Werra, Investigation of the sources and uses of obsidian during the Neolithic in Poland – preliminary review

26th EAA Virtual Annual Meeting 24-30 August 2020; Dagmara H. Werra, Richard E. Hughes, Import – gift – equivalent? Investigating the significance of obsidian during the Neolithic in Poland

International Obsidian Conference 2021; 30.04-02.05.2021; Dagmara H. Werra, Richard E. Hughes, Marcin Szeliga, Geochemical and Technological Characterization of Obsidian Artefacts from the Neolithic Site of Opatów in Southeast Poland

UISPP XIX World Congress - Meknes; 2-7.09.2021; Dagmara H. Werra, Marzena Woźny, Siliceous rocks mining, using and identification -short overview of a history of archaeological friendship between humanities and natural sciences

27th EAA Annual Meeting (Kiel Virtual, 2021);6-11.09.2021; Dagmara H. Werra, Richard E. Hughes, Mark Nowak, Marián Vizdal, Lýdia Gačková; Alföld Linear Pottery Culture Communities in Eastern Slovakia (the North-Eastern Carpathian Basin) in the Light of Obsidian Source Use

They write about us:

Nauka w Polsce: Szymon Zdziebłowski, "Smocze szkło" na terenie dzisiejszej Polski było znane już ponad 20 tys. lat temu

 

logo projektu Investigation of the Sources and Uses of Obsidian during the Neolithic in Poland

Topographic map of Galicia (1779–1783) from War Archives in Vienna

Project information

A package of coordinated projects for the publication of the Josephine land survey of Galicia. They are being prepared thanks to grants awarded by the Foundation for Polish Science, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the National Science Centre, and the National Program for the Development of the Humanities in the years 2008-2021.
Five institutions are involved:
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences (project leader: Andrzej Janeczek),
Institute of History, Polish Academy of Sciences (project leader: Waldemar Bukowski),
Institute of History of the Pedagogical University in Cracow (project leader: Zdzisław Noga).
Institute of History of the University of Rzeszów (project leader: Zdzisław Budzyński),
Polish Academy of Sciences Scientific Center in Vienna (Bogusław Dybaś).


Project website  http://www.iaepan.vot.pl/galicja/index-en.html 

Deutsche Fassung   http://www.iaepan.vot.pl/galicja/index-de.html


 


THE PAST SOCIETIES. Polish lands from the first evidence of human presence to the Early Middle Ages

Project information

 

Project title: THE PAST SOCIETIES. Polish lands from the first evidence of human presence to the Early Middle Ages

Project No: 11H 11 0186 80

Project lead: Prof. dr hab. Przemysław Urbańczyk

Project lead, institutional: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Project financing: Research financed within the National Humanities Programme, a project of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, in 2012–2015

Contact:

e-mail: uprzemek@iaepan.edu.pl
phone (22) 620-28-81 do 86

Project implementation:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

 

 

Characteristics

 

The aim of the project is to write and publish a synthesis of the prehistory of Polish lands in English. It will be an up-to-date compendium of knowledge on cultural processes in the period from more than 0.5 million years ago, when the first settlers came to these lands, to the establishment of a stable state organization which around the year 1000 became an integral part of Latin Europe. In recent years, due to intensified excavations throughout the country, there has been a rapid increase in the number of new archaeological finds that led to many, often revelatory discoveries. There have been also considerable changes in archaeological research methods. They have been partly due to the development of the theoretical basis and methodological perspectives in the field which provided a new insight into both social and historical processes as well as the classification and chronology of available sources. Furthermore, our knowledge on all historical periods has fundamentally changed since “The Prehistory of Polish Lands” (1975-1979) was published. A new synthesis of the prehistory of Polish lands should go beyond offering a potential new classification and chronology of the past events and take up the challenge of presenting a new interpretation of this distant past. The resulting monograph will be addressed both to archaeologists and to representatives of other disciplines (mainly historians). The final result of the project will be a 5-volume book in English. It will be published as well in an electronic version (e-book).


Weklice – a Wielbark Culture cemetery

Project information

 

Project title: Weklice – a Wielbark Culture cemetery. Project implemented within the programme in the years 2003–2007

Findings of this research are provided in a joint paper by Professor Jerzy Okulicz-Kozaryn and Mgr Magdalena Natuniewicz-Sekuła, who carries out the present excavations. Over the recent years, the IAE research has produced very interesting new discoveries about Wielbark population’s customs. In addition to that, in 2004, a settlement of the population using the cemetery was uncovered in its immediate vicinity. Consequently, an urgent need emerged to conduct preliminary excavation research also at the settlement.

 

 

Project implementation

 

Cooperating Institutions:

IAUW
Państwowe Muzeum Archeologiczne
Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii, Uniwersytet w Kopenhadze
Akademia Medyczna w Szczecinie
WOSOZ w Elblągu
Muzeum Archeologiczno-Historyczne w Elblągu

Osoby zaangażowane w projekt:

prof. dr hab. Jerzy Okulicz-Kozaryn (IAUW) - mistrz i patron merytoryczny badań
mgr Magdalena Natuniewicz-Sekuła - kierownik badań, archeolog (IAiE PAN
dr Bartosz Kontny - archeolog (IAUW)
mgr Urszula Bugaj - archeolog (IAiE PAN)
mgr Marta Dec - archeolog i terenowy konserwator (Państwowe Muzeum Archeologiczne)
M.A. Christina Rein - Seehusen - archeolog (Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii, Uniwersytet w Kopenhadze) - współpraca polsko - duńska
dr Iwona Teul - antropolog (Pomorska Akademia Medyczna w Szczecinie)
mgr Rafał Panfil - historyk i praktyczny archeolog (WOSOZ w Elblągu)
Andrzej Szwemiński - rysownik i znawca terenu (Muzeum Archeologiczno-Historyczne w Elblągu)

studenci Instytutu Archeologii UW

 


Archaeological Mission in Wilczyce

Project information

 

Project title:: Man, the environment and the economy: Economic exploitation of Wilczyce micro-region in the Neolithic and Bronze Age.

Project lead: Dr Tomasz Boroń
Project lead, institutional: IAE PAN
Project financing: IAE PAN, Voivodship Landmark Preservation Inspectorate in Kielce – Sandomierz Office; Karpacka Spółka Gazownicza company, Sandomierz branch; Chief Executive Officer of Świętokrzyskie Voivodship.
Contact:
- e-mail: boron@iaepan.edu.pl
- telephone: 502 102 754

 

 

Project implementation

 

Institutions involved:

IAE PAN Institute, Warsaw,
Voivodship Landmark Preservation Inspectorate in Kielce – Sandomierz Office,
Karpacka Spółka Gazownicza company, Sandomierz branch,
Chief Executive Officer of Świętokrzyskie Voivodship,
Wilczyce Municipality

Researchers involved:

Dr Tomasz Boroń
Mgr Halina Królik
University of Warsaw students
Responsibilities: students – exploration, inventorying finds, drawing plans

 

 

Characteristics

 

Research objective:

Wilczyce 10, Świętokrzyskie Voivodship, is known as one of the most important Final Ice Age sites in Europe, yielding a collection of Magdalenian artefacts that is both huge and unique. The findings of research into Late Palaeolithic settlement were published in national and international journals — and the successes of the research have inspired the local authorities at Wilczyce to put up an archaeological open-air museum and a covered museum.
The resulting follow-up excavations, necessitated by the planned construction project, have revealed astonishing, unique traces of Neolithic settlement. Several thousand flint and ceramic artefacts, animal-consumption bones, and a plenitude of plant micro- and macro remains.

Detailed goals of the project:

The project agenda includes cataloguing the finds and searching for more of archaeological material. Thanks to the geo-morphological conditions, conducive to artefact preservation, it will be possible to accurately reconstruct the environment and have a look into the community’s economic arrangements. But specialist analyses have to be conducted on a wide scale. Their findings will be included in a typescript report on research outcomes, which will provide a basis for producing a monograph in the future.

Measures to achieve the goals:

The exceptional insights obtained from the remains of Wilczyce 10 settlement greatly expand our knowledge about Neolithic populations in southern Poland. Comprehensive research at Wilczyce is also of high importance for the micro-region.

Project timetable:

The project agenda involves several years of excavation research

Results so far:

Discovery of an exceptional Corded Ware sepulchral object, containing 13 whole vessels, 6 battleaxes, 6 axes, 29 arrowheads, a dog-fang pendant necklace and many bone and horn artefacts.

Planned results:

To publish a monograph on Neolithic settlement in Wilczyce micro-region

 


Forms of cult, religion and social organisation in Prehistory and the Middle Ages

Project information

 

Project title: Forms of cult, religion and social organisation in Prehistory and the Middle Ages

Project lead:Prof. dr hab. Sławomir Kadrow

Project lead, institutional: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology (IAE PAN), Centre for Archaeology of Hills and Uplands, within Team E.1.

Project financing: statutory

Contact:

e-mail:slawekkadrow@gmail.com
telephone: +48 4222905 (Centre for Archaeology of Hills and Uplands, ul. Sławkowska 17, Kraków);
+48 698298837 (kom. Sławomir Kadrow);

 

 

Characteristics

 

Research objective:

To study material culture indicative of man’s ritualistic, religious and social practices.

Detailed goals of the project:

The research looks into all material traces and manifestations of ritualistic, religious and social practices of the Prehistoric and Medieval man. As indicated by archaeology’s experience to-date, these subjects have been largely discussed based on analyses of burial ritual. This is because all rituals (including burial-related), while epitomising a circulation of symbolic meanings in culture, invariably involve the use of material objects. And archaeology obviously takes interest in the past by studying material traces — primarily artefacts — of all kinds of human activity. Ritual, on the other hand, is largely associated with conventionalised cultural practices — religious and social. It represents a symbolic-expressive aspect of behaviour, carrying a certain message about social relations, often in a manner which is relatively dramatised or formalised. It assumes an especially important role at a time of crisis, by helping cope with uncertainty, and its significance is especially high in pre-writing communities. Ritual has been subjected — as well as giving testimony — to historical changes, and it very clearly signalled substantial changes in the realm of authority. Important features of ritual include its being coded by those who are not its executants, and also its performative nature. As it transpires from this description, the analysis of ritual in this particular context carries a big research potential. Simultaneously, the previously indicated characteristics of ritual point out — for yet another time — to the importance of studying it from many perspectives, that is (in other words) taking an interdisciplinary approach.

Archaeological, historical and (since 2013) sociological analyses of various manifestations of man’s ritualistic, religious and social (socio-cultural) practices, registered in Central Europe and the Balkans between the Neolithic and the Early Medieval times.
The focus of these analyses is on: cultural landscape, funeral rituals and religious practices, as manifested in clothing and devotional objects.
This research team’s assignment is to study the cultural landscape of Lesser Poland (Małopolska) in the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age.
One important element of studies into the cultural landscape is research at the Dinoš site in Montenegro.
Another item on the team’s research agenda is the analysis of symbolic-object manifestations of in the context of Lusitian Culture finds, and analysis of their meanings.
Interesting prospects are offered by studies into untypical examples of funeral customs in Barbaricum during the Roman Period and the Migration Period.
Wide-scale studies and analysis of clothing elements, devotional objects, funeral rites, and Byzantine religiosity, including its adaptation outside the borders of the Byzantine Empire.

Project timetable:

E.2.I. Study into the cultural landscape of Lesser Poland in the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age.
2012 – Drafting the texts of two articles: 1. „ Study into the cultural landscape of Lesser Poland in the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in several selected regions of Lesser Poland”; 2. „Theory of cultural landscape research in light of experience from study into Neolithic and Early Bronze settlement micro-regions in Lesser Poland”; author: S. Kadrow.
2013 – Drafting the text of an article devoted to the cultural landscape of Cucuteni-Tripolye site; author: S. Kadrow.
E.2.II. Study into the cultural landscape of Dinoš, Montenegro.
2012 – Drafting the text of the article „Landscape research in Dinoš, Montenegro”; author: U. Bugaj.
E.2.III. Archaeology of Byzantine Empire (6th-14th centuries).
2012 – Drafting the text of the monograph’s chapter “Elements of Byzantine garb in light of iconographic, archaeological and written sources”; author: M. Wołoszyn.
2012 – Progress report on the subject: “Analysis of Byzantine religiosity in light of written, iconographic and archaeological sources (devotional objects, changes in funeral rites)”; author: M. Wołoszyn.
2012 – Progress report on the subject: “Byzantium without borders (Byzantine artefacts outside the borders of the Empire, and the importance of Constantinople for the history of European civilisation)”; author: M. Wołoszyn.
2015 – Print-ready copy of the monograph “Archaeology of Byzantine Empire (6th-14th centuries)”; author: M. Wołoszyn.
E.2.IV. Manifestations of symbolic culture in the Lusatian Culture.
2012 – Drafting the text of the monograph’s chapter “Symbolic objects at cemetery and settlement sites and elements of figurative art in Bronze Age Lusatian Culture in south-eastern Poland”; author: P. Jarosz.
2013 – Drafting the text of the monograph „Manifestations of symbolic culture in Bronze Age Lusatian Culture in south-eastern Poland”; author: P. Jarosz.
E.2.V. Untypical funeral customs in the central and eastern parts of Barbaricum during the Roman Period and the Migration Period.
2012 – Drafting the text of the monograph’s chapter “Untypical burials in archaeology”; author: K. Skórka.
2015 – Drafting the text of the monograph “Untypical funeral customs in the central and eastern parts of Barbaricum during the Roman Period and the Migration Period”; author: K. Skórka.

Planned results:

The project will be crowned with three monographs:
2013: „Manifestations of symbolic culture in Bronze Age Lusatian Culture in south-eastern Poland”; author: P. Jarosz.
2015: “Archaeology of Byzantine Empire (6th-14th centuries)”; author: M. Wołoszyn.
2015: “Untypical funeral customs in the central and eastern parts of Barbaricum during the Roman Period and the Migration Period”; author: K. Skórka.
Articles devoted to:
2012: - cultural landscape; authors: S. Kadrow, U. Bugaj
2013: - cultural landscape; author: S. Kadrow

 

 

Publications

 

Bibliography

Articles

Kadrow S. 2011. Confrontation of social strategies? - Danubian fortified settlements and the Funnel Beaker monuments in SE Poland. (w:) red. M. Furholt, F. Lüth, J. Müller, Megaliths and Identities Early Monuments and Neolithic Societies from the Atlantic to the Baltic 3rd European Megalithic Studies Group Meeting 13th – 15th of May 2010 at Kiel Universitiy. Bonn, 185-198.
Kadrow S. 2011. Kupferzeitliche Sozialstrukturen. (w:) red. S. Hansen, J. Müller, Sozialarchäologische Perspektiven: Gesellschaftlicher Wandel 5000-1500 v.Chr. zwischen Atlantik und Kaukasus. Internationale Tagung 15.-18.Oktober 2007 Kiel (= Archäologie in Eurasien 24). Mainz 2011, 107-121.
Kadrow S. 2011. Power and Authority and the Problem of Interdisciplinary Archaeological Studies. (w:) red. S. Kadrow, D. Wojakowski, Space, Power, Religion (= Analecta Archaeologica Ressoviensia 6). Rzeszów, 11-54.
Kadrow S. 2011. Mitologizacyjny charakter teorii migracjonistycznych w archeologii - wybrane zagadnienia, (w:) red. A. Marciniak, D. Minta-Tworzowska, M. Pawleta, Współczesne oblicza przeszłości. Poznań, 63-80.
Kadrow S. 2012. Źródła i mechanizmy zmiany kulturowej. Przypadek wczesnego eneolitu. (w:) red. B. Gediga, A. Grossman, W. Piotrowski, Rytm przemian kulturowych w pradziejach i średniowieczu. Biskupin-Wrocław, 233-259.
Kadrow S. 2012. Regiony i regionalizacja w archeologii - wybrane zagadnienia. (w:) red. J. Hoff, S. Kadrow, Regiony i regionalizm w archeologii i historii. Rzeszów (w druku)

Books

Kadrow S. , Wojakowski D. (red.) 2011. Space, Power, Religion (= Analecta Archaeologica Ressoviensia 6). Rzeszów.

 


Mining and use of stone materials in Prehistory and Middle Ages

Project information

 

Project title: Mining and use of stone materials in Prehistory and Middle Ages

Project author: Prof. dr hab. Paweł Valde-Nowak

Project lead, institutional: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology (IAE PAN), Centre for Archaeology of Hills and Uplands, within Team E.1.
Project financing: statutory

Contact:

e-mail:p.valde-nowak@uj.edu.pl
telephone: +48 4222905 (Centre for Archaeology of Hills and Uplands, ul. Sławkowska 17, Kraków);
+48 608456055 (mobile, Paweł Valde-Nowak);

 

Project implementation

 

Institutions involved:

Name of institution: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology (IAE PAN), Centre for Archaeology of Hills and Uplands, within Team E.3. Responsibilities: Project lead, institutional
Name of institution: Archeologický ústav Akademie věd České republiky Brno. Responsibilities: collaboration by Dr Lubomir Šebela, with assignment E.3.III. Analysis of flintworking collections from Moravia and Bohemia.
Name of institution: Katedra geologie a palaeontologie, Ústav geologických věd,. Přírodovědecká fakulta, Masarykova univerzita, Brno. Responsibilities: collaboration by Prof. dr Antonina Přichystala, with assignment E.3.III. Analysis of flintworking collections from Moravia and Bohemia.

Researchers involved:

Forename, surname: Prof. dr hab. Paweł Valde-Nowak, archaeologist,
Responsibilities: assignment E.3.I. - 12 months (half-time)

Forename, surname: Dr Halina Dobrzańska, archaeologist,
Responsibilities: assignment E.3.II. - 6 months; assignment E.3.IV. - 6 months

Forename, surname: Dr hab. Jerzy Kopacz
Responsibilities: assignment E.3.III. - 12 months

Documentation – drawings:

Irena Jordan - 3 months
Jolanta Ożóg - 2 months

Researchers involved from outside IAE PAN:

Dr Marta Kaflińska - assignment E.3.1. (voluntary participation)

 

Characteristics

 

Research objective:

The main goal of the project is to establish the scale and direction of raw materials’ exploitation and use in Prehistory. Of special importance in the project are artefacts evidencing the use of flint rock in the Stone Age and Bronze Age. The research will also study nonfarm production in the Roman period and an early stage of the Migration Period, with emphasis on the use of raw materials, the technologies and techniques applied, and the workshop’s spatial organisation.

Detailed goals of the project:

The project seeks to expand the present knowledge of the raw material base in Pre- and Protohistoric times, and in particular to establish the scale and direction of raw materials exploitation at such an early stage. Of great importance in the research are artefacts evidencing the use of flint rock in the Stone Age and Bronze Age, and also the use of clay and appropriate admixtures in pottery production in earlier period of Prehistory. Another line of research deals with selected questions of iron metallurgy and nonferrous metal working in the early centuries of the Common Era.
An important contribution to the project is provided by research conducted by the Bronze Wares Workshop, covering a wide swath of Central European Barbaricum. This is a fascinating subject for a number of reasons, including the raw-material/technological context of metallurgical activity (major line in this period) linked to iron processing. Also within the scope of the project are questions of pottery production, where mention is due to the use of previously unpublished findings of laboratory and experimental research. The study will look into the diversity of spatial-organisation forms of the said branches of nonfarm production. When covering production-related questions, the results of palaeogeographical analyses will be drawn upon. Given the dominant interest in questions of culture and chronology among researchers of the Roman Period in Central Europe, a project which targets the economy of the inhabitants of this part of Barbaricum should be regarded as one of priority importance.

Research into raw-material/implement economy in Stone Age and Early Bronze Age communities, conducted as part of the project, will be two-pronged. The first line includes petroarchaeological studies to define the Carpathian province raw materials (previously either left out or given cursory treatment in monographic works). Following an intensification of archaeological research over the past twenty years, documentation has been be provided of the existence in this area of rich deposits of flint-bearing rock that was successfully used by, both, the Middle/Upper Palaeolithic groups of Neanderthals and Homo Sapiens plus representatives of all subsequent Palaeolithic techno-complexes, and also during the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Early Bronze Age. The other line of study is about findings of very detailed technical, typological and raw-material analyses of the original little-known stone industry of Bell-Beaker Culture communities in Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia and Lesser Poland.

Project timetable:

E.3.I. Carpathian rock material province in the Stone Age and Early Bronze Age.
2012: Pieniny radiolarite and Carpathian-flysch radiolarite in the Stone Age, project completion report.
2013: Studies into rogowce mikuszowickie (spongiolites) rock as the raw material base for Carpathian communities in the Stone Age, project completion report.
2015: Monograph, author: P. Valde-Nowak
E.3.II. Bronze workshops in the Central European part of Barbaricum (1st-5th century AD).
2012: Chapter: La Tene traditions and influences of provincial Roman culture, as seen in the output of bronze craftsmen in Barbaricum – author: H. Dobrzańska.
2013: Monograph, author: H. Dobrzańska
E.3.III. Late Eneolithic flintworking in Moravia and Cieszyn Silesia.
2012: Monograph , co-author: J. Kopacz
E.3.III. (NEW ASSIGNMENT) Comparative study of Bell-Beaker Culture flintworking – Moravia, Bohemia, Silesia, Lesser Poland
2013: Analysis of flintworking collections from Moravia and Bohemia, project completion report.
2015: Monograph, co-author: J. Kopacz
E.3.IV. (NEW ASSIGNMENT) Nonfarm production in Central European Barbaricum in the Roman Period and Early Migration Period.
2013: Collecting materials from Poland, Slovakia, Bohemia, project completion report.
2013–2016: series of articles, author: H. Dobrzańska.

Planned results:

The implementation of the project will produce monographs on the following subjects:

2012: Late Eneolithic flintworking in Moravia and Czech Silesia, author: J. Kopacz
2013: Bronze workshops in the Central European part of Barbaricum (1st-5ht centuries), author: H. Dobrzańska
2015: Carpathian rock material province in the Stone Age and Early Bronze Age, author: P. Valde-Nowak
2015: Comparative study of Bell-Beaker Culture flintworking – Moravia, Bohemia, Silesia, Lesser Poland, collective monograph

Articles:

2013-2016: a series of articles on nonfarm production in Central European Barbaricum in the Roman Period and Early Migration Period, author: H. Dobrzańska.

 

 

Publications

 

Valde-Nowak P.

22012: The North-Carpathians province of silica rocks during Stone Age, (in:) J. K. Kozłowski, Z. Mester (eds.) The lithic raw material sources and interregional contacts in the Northern Carpathian regions, Kraków (in print).

 


Polish Early Medieval treasures— Inventory

Project information

 

Project title: Polish Early Medieval treasures— Inventory. Registration of Early Medieval coin hoards in Poland (from 6th to mid-12th centuries)

Project lead: dr Mateusz Bogucki

Project lead, institutional: Centre for Medieval Archaeology of the Baltic Region, IAE PAN Institute, Szczecin-Warszawa
Project financing: Ministry of Sciences and Higher Education – National Humanities Programme, project No. 11H 11 019980

 

 

NPRH logo

 

Contact:

e-mail: m.bogucki@iaepan.szczecin.pl
phone: 22 620 28 81- 86; 652 19 66

 

 

Project implementation

 

Institutions involved:

Name of institution: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences (IAE PAN). Responsibilities: Project implementation.

Researchers involved:

Forename, surname: Tadeusz Szczurek
Responsibilities: Registration of Early Medieval coin hoards from Greater Poland (Volume I)

Forename, surname: Genowefa Horoszko
Responsibilities: Registration of Early Medieval coin hoards from Pomerania (Volume II)

Forename, surname: Jerzy Piniński
Responsibilities: Registration of Early Medieval coin hoards from Pomerania (Volume II)

Forename, surname: dr Mateusz Bogucki
Responsibilities: Registration of Early Medieval coin hoards from Warmia-Masuria Mazur (Volume II)

Forename, surname: Michał Kulesza
Responsibilities: Collaboration in cataloguing selected coin finds from Pomerania (Volume II)

Forename, surname: Stanisław Suchodolski
Responsibilities: Registration of Early Medieval coin hoards from Masovia, Podlasie region and Central Poland (Volume III)

Forename, surname: Dobrochna Gorlińska
Responsibilities: Registration of Early Medieval coin hoards from Masovia, Podlasie region and Central Poland (Volume III)

Forename, surname: Piotr Chabrzyk
Responsibilities: Collaboration in cataloguing selected coin finds from Masovia, Podlasie region and Central Poland (Volume III)

Forename, surname: Barbara Butent–Stefaniak
Responsibilities: Registration of Early Medieval coin hoards from Silesia (Volume IV)

Forename, surname: Bożena Reyman-Walczak
Responsibilities: Registration of Early Medieval coin hoards from Lesser Poland (Volume IV)

Forename, surname: Peter Ilisch
Responsibilities: Cataloguing and consultation in respect of German coin finds (other than cross denarii)

Forename, surname: Dorota Malarczyk
Responsibilities: Cataloguing Oriental coin finds

Forename, surname: Tomasz Nowakiewicz
Responsibilities: Cataloguing hoard ornaments

Collaborators in registration of coin finds from particular regions: Mgr Zbigniew Bartkowiak, Dr Adam Kędzierski, Prof. dr hab. Borys Paszkiewicz, Mgr Andrzej Romanowski, Mgr Arkadiusz Tabaka, Mgr Maciej Widawski, Mgr Mateusz Woźniak, and others.

 

 

Characteristics

 

Research objective:

To publish all known Early Medieval (6th-mid-12th centuries) coin finds (hoards and single coins) within Poland’s contemporary borders, up to and including 2013. An equally important task will be to build a team of specialists who will develop a mechanism for the regular publication, on a cyclical basis, of newly emerging finds.

Detailed goals of the project:

Coins, their hoards and single finds, are among fundamental sources in the study of Early Medieval economy in Poland and Europe. Inventorying the Polish finds and presenting them in publications is a task of key importance not only for monetary history or economics, but also for archaeological and historical studies at the regional, national and European levels.
A total of 550 Early Medieval hoards and some 1,800 single-coin finds have been registered in Poland so far, with the number of coins estimated at around 200,000. Every year, new discoveries are being made, whether accidentally or as a result of regular excavations. A systematic, cyclical publication of these finds is imperative, remembering that analysis of coin finds is a fixed element in most studies in the fields of monetary history, economic history, archaeological settlement studies and historical studies.
First inventories of Polish Early Medieval Treasures (Polskie Skarby Wczesnośredniowieczne. Inwentarz) were taken in 1959–1966, but they contain too many errors and omissions (reflecting lack of access to foreign collections and archives in that time). The present project, seeking to resume the Inventory of Polish Early Medieval Treasures and update it to 2010, will close the gap between the already completed, or soon-to-be-completed, inventories of coin finds dating back to Antiquity and to the Late Middle Ages.

Project timetable:

Assignment 1: Inventorying finds, delivering a print-ready copy and publishing the work Polskie Skarby Wczesnośredniowieczne. Inwentarz. Volume IV (Lesser Poland, Silesia). Publication: 2013.
Assignment 2 - Inventorying finds, delivering a print-ready copy and publishing the work Polskie Skarby Wczesnośredniowieczne. Inwentarz. Volume III (Masovia, Podlasie, Central Poland). Publication: 2014.
Assignment 3 - Inventorying finds, delivering a print-ready copy and publishing the work Polskie Skarby Wczesnośredniowieczne. Inwentarz. Volume II (Pomerania, Warmia-Masuria). Publication: 2014.
Assignment 4 - Inventorying finds, delivering a print-ready copy and publishing the work Polskie Skarby Wczesnośredniowieczne. Inwentarz. Volume I. (Greater Poland). Publication: 2015.
Assignment 5 - Inventorying finds, delivering a print-ready copy and publishing the work Polskie Skarby Wczesnośredniowieczne. Inwentarz za lata 2011-2013. An index to be enclosed to this volume, in the form of an electronic database, will cover all finds up to and including 2013. Publication: 2015.

Measures to achieve the goals:

The project will be conducted by a diverse team comprising experienced and young numismatists, archaeologists and historians. With its launch, it will be possible to bring up a new generation of researchers, learning in practice the ins and outs of their respective fields of study and — thanks to the direct contacts with source material – acquiring the expertise needed to keep up the high quality of the research.

Planned results:

The tangible outcome of the project will be the publication of four volumes of Inventories of Polish Early Medieval Treasures (PSW), covering the finds to the year 2010 (I – Greater Poland; II – Pomerania, Warmia-Masuria; III – Masovia, Podlasie, Central Poland; IV – Lesser Poland, Silesia), and one (opening volume) with finds from the whole of Poland for 2011–2013.

 

 

Publications

 

Butent-Stefaniak, B., Malarczyk, D. Obieg pieniężny na Śląsku we wczesnym średniowieczu (od X do połowy XII wieku), Wrocław 2009.
PSW I: J. Slaski, S. Tabaczyński, Wczesnośredniowieczne skarby srebrne z Wielkopolski, Polskie Badania Archeologiczne 1, Warszawa-Wrocław 1959.
PSW II: T. i R. Kiersnowscy, Wczesnośredniowieczne skarby srebrne z Pomorza, Polskie Badania Archeologiczne 4, Warszawa- Wrocław 1959.
PSW III: A. Gupieniec, T. i R. Kiersnowscy, Wczesnośredniowieczne skarby srebrne z Polski Środkowej, Mazowsza i Podlasia, Polskie Badania Archeologiczne 10, Wrocław 1965.
PSW IV: M. Haisig, J. Reyman, R. Kiersnowski, "Wczesnośredniowieczne skarby srebrne z Małopolski, Śląska, Warmii i Mazur”, Polskie Badania Archeologiczne 12, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków 1966.
Suchodolski, S. “Reedycja inwentarza znalezisk monet wczesnośredniowiecznych z obszaru Polski (VI-połowa XII wieku)”, Wiadomości Numizmatyczne XLIV, 2000, Fascicle. 2, pp. 161-170, 2000 2000
Suchodolski S. “Program reedycji inwentarza znalezisk monet wczesnośredniowiecznych z ziem polskich (VI-połowa XII wieku)”, [in:] W. Chudziak, S. Moździoch (eds.), Stan i potrzeby badań nad wczesnym średniowieczem w Polsce - 15 lat później, Toruń 2006, pp. 41-50.

 


Beginnings of agriculture of loess uplands and hills, and anthropogenic changes in the natural environment

Project information

 

Project title: Beginnings of agriculture of loess uplands and hills, and anthropogenic changes in the natural environment.

Project lead:Dr hab. Maria Lityńska-Zając, Professor at IAE PAN

Project lead, institutional: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology (IAE PAN), Centre for Archaeology of Hills and Uplands
Project financing: statutory
Contact:

e-mail: marialitynska@gazeta.pl
telephone: +48 4222905 (Centre for Archaeology of Hills and Uplands, ul. Sławkowska 17, Kraków);
tel. +48 / 12 / 287 30 09 (Archaeological Workshop in Igołomia)
+48 604249422 ((mobile: Maria Lityńska-Zając);

 

 

Project implementation

 

 

Institutions involved:

Name of institution: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology (IAE PAN), Centre for Archaeology of Hills and Uplands; Responsibilities: Project lead, institutional
Name of institution: Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University in Kraków; Responsibilities: collaboration by Prof. dr hab. A. Zając in the project: E.1.1. Synanthrophisation of flora. Archaeophytes.
Name of institution: State University of NY, Buffalo; Responsibilities: collaboration by Prof. Dr. Sarunas Milisauskas in the project: E.1.V. House building in Funnelbeaker culture, based on Bronocice material.

Researchers involved:

Dr Agnieszka Czekaj-Zastawny, archaeologists,
Responsibilities: assignment E.1.II - 6 months

Prof. dr hab. Janusz Kruk, archaeologists, archaeologist,
Responsibilities: (assignment E.1.V) - 12 months

Dr hab. Maria Lityńska-Zając, Professor at IAE PAN, archaeobotanist,
Responsibilities: (assignment E.1.1) - 1 month
(assignment E.1.II.2) - 2 months
(assignment E.1.IV.2) - 1 month

Mgr Danuta Makowicz-Poliszot Danuta, archaeozoologist,
Responsibilities: (assignment E.1.II.3) - 5 months
(assignment E.1.IV.3) - 3 months

Dr Bartłomiej Szmoniewski, archaeologist,
Responsibilities: (assignment E.1.VI) - 12 months, assignment suspended inn 2012

Dr Krzysztof Tunia, archaeologist,
Responsibilities: (assignment E.1.II.1) - 10 months

Dr Piotr Włodarczak, archaeologist,
Responsibilities: (assignment E.1.IV.1) - 12 months

Drawing documentation:

Irena Jordan - 6 months
Jolanta Ożóg - 7 months
mgr Urszula Potyrała - 12 months

Researchers involved, other than IAE PAN

Prof. dr hab. Adam Zając, botanist, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University in Kraków,
Prof. dr Sarunas Milisauskas, archaeologist, State University of NY, Buffalo
Mgr B. Baczyńska, retired researcher at IAE PAN

 

 

Characteristic

 

Research objective:

The main objective of the project is to study the relationships between man and nature in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages.

Detailed goals of the project:

The research within the project consists in the archaeological, archaeozoological and archaeobotanical analyses of materials obtained from several Neolithic and Early Bronze archaeological sites (e.g. Bronocice, Słonowice and Szarbia). These analyses will look into man’s relationships with his natural environment, offering an interesting opportunity to compare settlement preferences of various agricultural groups (Linear Pottery, Funnelbeaker. Mierzanowice, Trzciniec cultures). As an important part of the project, research will be conducted into the production of food (stock raising and farming), hunting, and the wresting of plant-based raw materials from nature. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the charcoal found at the sites under study is expected to yield a wealth of valuable insights – direct (how human groups in the past used wood) and indirect (inferences about past forest communities). The type of the data obtained is strictly contingent on the archaeological context. Wood traces on pug/cob, in the form of structural imprints, will throw light on house building in Funnelbeaker culture.

It is proposed that the project include studying Early Neolithic settlements (Linear Pottery culture), mostly in south-eastern Poland.

As an important outcome of the project, a monograph will be produced on the Funnelbeaker cemetery in Słonowice.

Another line of research will focus on Early Medieval settlements in the Casimcea River basin, on Dobrogea Plateau, Romania, and their impact on environmental change.

Man’s interaction with the natural environment will also be taken up when analysing synanthrophic species identified in archaeological layers.

The project is to be carried out in several stages. At present (until completion), the assignments listed below will be pursued.

The project is expected to produce important archaeological and palaeoenvironmental data. Its research objective — the environmental context of Neolithic cultures — is still a relatively little-researched subject, and the studies may yield a host of promising insights into the process of Neolithisation. Man’s impact on the natural environment will be presented in a work discussing some aspects of the synanthrophisation of flora.

Project timetable:

E.1.1. Synanthrophisation of flora. Archaeophytes.
2012: Analysis of archaeophytes in fossil materials and comparison with their presence in modern-time flora. Selected examples; article, authors: A. Zając, M. Lityńska-Zając
E.II. Neolithic and Old Bronze settlement complex in Słonowice.
2012: Monograph: Funnelbeaker cemetery in Słonowice; author: K. Tunia
Articles: Animal bone remains from Trzciniec culture objects at Słonowice G site; author: D. Makowicz-Poliszot.
Archaeobotanical research in Słonowice; author: M. Lityńska-Zając.
E.1.III. Early Neolithic settlements in south-eastern Poland.
2012: Analysis of progression in forms and ornaments of Linear Pottery pottery – research report
2015: Monograph and a series of articles; author: A. Czekaj-Zastawny
E.1.IV. Settlement microregion on the lower Raba River. Early Bronze Age.
2012: Chapter “Cultural and chronological analysis of Mierzanowice culture materials, Raba River basin”; author: P. Włodarczak
2012: Chapter “Cataloguing plant remains from Szarbia 9 site”; author: M. Lityńska-Zając
2012: Chapter “Animal bone remains from Mierzanowice culture site in Szarbia; author: D. Makowicz-Poliszot
2013: Collective monograph; authors: P. Włodarczak, B. Baczyńska, M. Lityńska-Zając, D. Makowicz-Poliszott
E.1.V. House building in Funnelbeaker culture, based on Bronocice material.
2012: Analyses of structural imprints on pug/cob, Funnelbeaker objects, BR I – III phases, Bronocice site; J. Kruk
2015: Collective monograph
E.1.VI. Early Medieval settlements in Casimcea River basin, Dobrogea Plateau, and their impact on environmental change.
2014: Auteur monograph. Assignment suspended in 2012 (sabbatical).

The project will be crowned with the following monographs:

2012: Słonowice site, author: K. Tunia
2013: Lower Raba River settlement microregion; authors: P. Włodarczak, B. Baczyńska, M. Lityńska-Zając, D. Makowicz-Poliszot
2014: Early Medieval settlements in Casimcea River basin, Dobrogea Plateau; author: B. Szmoniewski
2015:
Early Neolithic settlements in south-eastern Poland; author: A. Czekaj-Zastawny
Funnelbeaker culture house building; collective monograph

Articles, dealing with these subjects:

2012:
Synathropisation of flora; authors: A. Zając, M. Lityńska-Zając.
Bone remains at Słonowice; D. Makowicz-Poliszot.
Plant remains at Słonowice; M. Lityńska-Zając.
2012-2015: series of articles; Early Neolithic settlements in south-eastern Poland; author: A. Czekaj-Zastawny.

 

 

Publications

 

Czekaj-Zastawny A., M. M. Przybyła. 2012. “Modlniczka 2, powiat krakowski - cmentarzysko kultury ceramiki wstęgowej rytej i osady neolityczne” [Modlniczka 2, Kraków poviat – a Linear Pottery culture cemetery and Neolithic settlements]. Via Archaeologica. Sources obtained from development-led excavations on the A4 motorway project in Małopolskie Voivodship, Kraków.