Obłazowa Cave. Human Activity, Stratigraphy and Palaeoenviroment
Valde-Nowak P., Nadachowski R., Madeyska T. [red.]
Interdisciplinary studies in Oblazowa Cave yielded important daia not only for the reconstruction of the Late Pleistocene and Holocene palaeoenvironment but, also significant archaeological results. The most spectacular moment in the fieldwork was the discovery a concentration of pebbles in layer VIII, together with a series of unique artefacts and human bones, the most ancient in Poland. Cultural identification of Early Pavlovian inventory from this level, most probably transitional in character and with a chronological position between Aurignatian and Gravettian, caused the picture of human occupation of this part of Middle Europe during the older part of the Upper Palaeolithic to change. Some other facts, like the discovery of a leaf points assemblage, identification of the Mousterian sequences: Taubachian, Charentian, as well as denticular Mousterian and finally the discovery of an Aurignatian inventory, create a basis of discernment of settlement activity in the cave.
The discovery in layer VIII confirms the importance of the symbolism of the hand, well observed in cave art dated from the early Franco-Cantabrian Gravettian, and put light into the discussion about shamanistic rituals manifested by a reduction of fingers by amputation.