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Petrauskas Oleg lecture from the conference “Olbia in the Hunnic period”

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Na kanale Archeo.TV jest już dostępny 13 referat z konferencji "Olbia in Hunnic Period", która odbyła się 5-6 listopada 2021 roku 🧐

 

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

and

Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

 

presents a lecture from a scientific conference:
Olbia in Hunnic Period

organized at November 5–6, 2022

 

Author: Petrauskas Oleg

 

Title: Chernyakhov culture and the Huns (based on materials from archaeological sites in Ukraine)

 

Abstract:

The issue of the relations between the Chernyakhiv culture and the Huns is considered based on archaeological data and information from the written sources, principally the writings of Ammianus Marcellinus and Jordanes. The Huns appeared in the Black Sea region at the end of the reign Rex of the Goths Germanarich (between 369–375\376). It corresponds to the end of phase C3 in the relative chronology of eastern Europe antiquities. According to Jordanes, the Ostrogoths stayed in their places of residence after being subjugated by the Huns. This appears to be corroborated by the assemblages of finds representing the Chernyakhiv culture which correspond largely to phases D1 and D2 (about 370–450) of the European relative chronology.

The disappearance of Chernyakhiv culture can be explained only taking into account the polyethnic nature of this formation. For instance, according to the written sources, it took the better part of half a century for the Ostrogoths, one of the components of the Chernyakhiv culture, to migrate to the Roman provinces. The fate of other components of the culture can be reconstructed from archaeological sources. Some of Chernyakhiv culture artifacts (glass cups, buckles, combs, antique imports) can be dated to the end of the 4th and the first half of the 5th centuries. The ethnocultural specificity of late Chernyakhiv culture is mostly associated with the Scythian-Sarmatian and early Slavic components. The disappearance of this culture appears to be the result of a complex set of socio-economic factors.

 

Serhii Didenko lecture from the conference “Olbia in the Hunnic period”

coments closed

Na kanale Archeo.TV jest już dostępny 9 referat z konferencji "Olbia in Hunnic Period", która odbyła się 5-6 listopada 2021 roku 🧐

 

 

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

 

and

 

Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

 

presents a lecture from a scientific conference:
Olbia in Hunnic Period

organized at November 5–6, 2022

 

Author: Serhii Didenko

Title: Ceramic complex of the late Roman horizon from the R-23 sector in Olbia

 

Abstract:

The excavations in 2016–2018, 2021 in the southeastern part of the Olbia citadel (sector R-23), carried out within the Ukrainian–Polish project of the Institute of Archeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the National Museum of Warsaw, and the Institute of Archeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, revealed interesting contexts related to the latest antique layer of the site.

The Late Antique ceramic complex of this sector includes fragments of amphorae, red-slipped wares, wheel-thrown gray-clay pottery and handmade pottery dating from the 4th century AD and possibly later.

Four types of amphora containers were distinguished: 1) amphorae from Heraclea, types F and E according to D. Shelov’s typology; 2) Sinope amphorae type 100 according to I. Zeest; 3) Northern Pontic amphorae type Kharax, burial 33 according to A. Abramov; 4) Eastern Mediterranean amphorae of the LRA 1 Benghazi type according to J. Riley. There were also some amphorae from unidentified centers.

The red-slipped wares included Pontic Red Slip Ware (Domżalski forms 1, 2) and Pontic Red Slip Ware (Hayes forms 50, 67).

Wheel-thrown gray-clay pottery is subdivided into three classes: dining (bowls and vases), cooking (pots), and storage (large storage vessels). This category of the material has the closest parallels in the Chernyakhiv/Sântana de Mureș Culture, which was distributed on the territory of the Ukrainian Forest-steppe, the North-Western Black Sea region, Moldova, and Romania in the late Roman time.

Handmade pottery is represented by fragments of vessels typical for the Chernyakhiv culture. The fragment of the bowl made in the Germanic tradition deserves special attention.

A comprehensive analysis of the ceramic complex from the R-23 sector demonstrates close affinities with finds from Kiselov group sites of the Chernyakhiv culture in the territory of the North-Western Black Sea region.

 

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